Bioinformatics is a relatively new and foreign concept that refers to the use of computers in biological research, especially in fields such as genomics, sequencing, and genetics.
The history of using computers in biology research is not actually that young and dates back to the early days of digital computers. However, it was only about ten years ago that the international human genome project began to generate data of a volume and of a kind that required a carefully planned and significant computer programming effort. Since then, the interest of biologists to become programmers has increased significantly, there has also been a growth of staff positions for skilled programmers in bio labs. How programmers may help with biotechnology’s discoveries?
Databases make it all easy
Programmers that work in biotechnology, also referred to as bioinformaticians, are usually engaged in designing new algorithms, software, and developing updated databases which all help in solving many biological problems. Creating huge databases has made it easy for biologists to store information and access it at any time, which made them spend less time and money on searching particular data.
A great example here is the database for the human genome, which if collected into books, it would require 26 years working around the clock to read all the information available.
With bioinformatics, handling it is much easier.
Applications made research easy
The growth of biotechnology industry in recent years has made many research projects possible and the advancements in molecular modelling, disease characterisation, pharmaceutical discovery, clinical healthcare and forensics are now possible thanks to a number of applications. Those allow accelerating research in the area of biotechnology, including automatic genome sequencing, gene identification, prediction of gene function, prediction of protein structure etc.
New applications also help with drug design and development, which has made the progress in modern medicine more prominent – more about this you can learn on https://pro4people.com/software-development.
By using bioinformatics in research, many long term projects that met some obstacles before were possible to proceed and speeded up. A great example is, once again, the genome mapping for human and other organisms. It is expected that bioinformatics innovation will eventually meet the demands of biotechnology and its various fields. The ultimate goal of programmers interested in biotechnology is to enable the discovery of new biological insights as well as to create a global perspective from which unifying principles in biology can be recognised.